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First aid is very important to know! There are 5 steps you should remember in any emergency:
- Stay calm so you can remember how to help the person.
- Get Help! Find an adult or call 9-1-1 or “zero” for the operator on the telephone, and tell them exactly where you are.
- Look at the scene of the injury and determine if it is safe for you.
- Look at the injured person. Is the person awake? Breathing? Bleeding?
- Give first aid.
- Wash wound with soap and water.
- Put on a bandage.
- Wash your hands.
If the bleeding doesn’t stop:
- Have the person sit down.
- Put pressure on the wound with the palm of your hand and a clean cloth.
- Put on a clean bandage after the bleeding has stopped.
- Wash your hands.
- Sit down.
- Lean forward and put your chin to your chest.
- Squeeze the bony part of your nose and wait until the bleeding stops. You may have to wait as long as 10 minutes.
- Don’t put anything up your nose to stop the bleeding and don’t lean backwards.
- Wash the wound with soap and water for several minutes.
- Control the bleeding.
- Identify the animal that bit you. Look at its body, how big it is, and anything else that identifies it.
- Tell an adult that you’ve been bitten. You may need to see a doctor.
- Keep the person calm.
- Allow the person to cough. Don’t pound on the person’s back.
- If the person can’t speak or breathe, stand behind the person and make a fist with one hand. Place your fist just above the person’s belly button. Your thumb should be toward the person’s stomach.
- Reach around the person’s body and grab your fist with your other hand. Make sure your elbows are pointed out.
- Pull your arms in and up toward the person’s head quickly.
- Repeat these step until the person can breathe.
I have these items in my home in case there is an emergency:
- Sterile gauze (2″ and 4″) for wounds
- Roller and triangular bandages for holding dressings in place or to make an arm sling
- Bandaids/Adhesive tape for holding dressings in place
- Adhesive bandages — different sizes for small cuts, scrapes, or wounds
- Scissors and tweezers for cuts, pulling out stingers, slivers, etc.
- Ice pack or chemical cold pack for swollen areas or bruises
- Disposable gloves for protection from germs
- Antiseptic wipes for washing small cuts, scrapes, or wounds
- Small flashlight with extra batteries in a separate bag for seeing injured areas clearly
- Other items suggested by your doctor (for example, bee sting or snake-bit kits; antihistamines) for responding quickly if members of your family have severe allergic reactions.
Written by Courtney J. Schoessow, MPH, Extension Associate, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M System. April 2002.
Last updated: March 25, 2015