First Aid and Me

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First aid is very important to know! There are 5 steps you should remember in any emergency:

  1. Stay calm so you can remember how to help the person.
  2. Get Help! Find an adult or call 9-1-1 or “zero” for the operator on the telephone, and tell them exactly where you are.
  3. Look at the scene of the injury and determine if it is safe for you.
  4. Look at the injured person. Is the person awake? Breathing? Bleeding?
  5. Give first aid.

Roll of gauzeCuts, Scrapes and Punctures

  1. Wash wound with soap and water.
  2. Put on a bandage.
  3. Wash your hands.

If the bleeding doesn’t stop:

  1. Have the person sit down.
  2. Put pressure on the wound with the palm of your hand and a clean cloth.
  3. Put on a clean bandage after the bleeding has stopped.
  4. Wash your hands.

Man with a bandaged noseNose Bleeds

  1. Sit down.
  2. Lean forward and put your chin to your chest.
  3. Squeeze the bony part of your nose and wait until the bleeding stops. You may have to wait as long as 10 minutes.
  4. Don’t put anything up your nose to stop the bleeding and don’t lean backwards.

BeeMad looking dogBites and Stings

  1. Wash the wound with soap and water for several minutes.
  2. Control the bleeding.
  3. Identify the animal that bit you. Look at its body, how big it is, and anything else that identifies it.
  4. Tell an adult that you’ve been bitten. You may need to see a doctor.

Person reaching around the person’s body Choking

  1. Keep the person calm.
  2. Allow the person to cough. Don’t pound on the person’s back.
  3. If the person can’t speak or breathe, stand behind the person and make a fist with one hand. Place your fist just above the person’s belly button. Your thumb should be toward the person’s stomach.
  4. Reach around the person’s body and grab your fist with your other hand. Make sure your elbows are pointed out.
  5. Pull your arms in and up toward the person’s head quickly.
  6. Repeat these step until the person can breathe.

First aid bag and all its contentsFirst Aid in My Home

I have these items in my home in case there is an emergency:

  • Sterile gauze (2″ and 4″) for wounds
  • Roller and triangular bandages for holding dressings in place or to make an arm sling
  • Bandaids/Adhesive tape for holding dressings in place
  • Adhesive bandages — different sizes for small cuts, scrapes, or wounds
  • Scissors and tweezers for cuts, pulling out stingers, slivers, etc.
  • Ice pack or chemical cold pack for swollen areas or bruises
  • Disposable gloves for protection from germs
  • Antiseptic wipes for washing small cuts, scrapes, or wounds
  • Small flashlight with extra batteries in a separate bag for seeing injured areas clearly
  • Other items suggested by your doctor (for example, bee sting or snake-bit kits; antihistamines) for responding quickly if members of your family have severe allergic reactions.


Written by Courtney J. Schoessow, MPH, Extension Associate, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M System. April 2002.


Last updated: March 25, 2015

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