Fall Prevention for Older Adults

Improving Independence in the Home Environment: Assessment and Intervention


Problem Potential Intervention
Getting on/off toilet
  • Raised seat
  • Side bars
  • Grab bars
Getting in/out of tub
  • Grab bars
  • Bath bench
  • Transfer bench
  • Hand held shower nozzle
  • Rubber mat
  • Hydraulic lift bath seat
Slippery or wet floors
  • Non-skid rugs or mats
Hot water burns
  • Check water temperature before bath
  • Turn down thermostat to 120 degrees
  • Check pipes under sink and insulate if necessary
Doorway too narrow
  • Remove door and use curtain
  • Leave wheelchair at door and use walker
Dizziness standing at sink
  • Sit on stool
Difficulty seeing
  • Adequate lighting
  • Clear plastic shower curtain
  • Toilet seat cover or seat that contrasts with walls and floors

Note: The interventions described in this assessment serve only as suggestions. A complete assessment of a person’s individual needs should be conducted by a team of licensed and trained professionals. Any intervention or modification to a building must comply with local, state, and federal laws and building codes. In apartments or rental homes, written permission to make modifications should be obtained from the landlord, owner, or property manager. Architectural interventions should be assessed by a licensed architect and carried out by a licensed construction contractor.

Bathroom | Bedroom | Medications | Kitchen | Living Room | Telephone | Steps | Home Management | Safety | Leisure

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Reproduced from: Assessment and Intervention of the Home Environment for Older Persons, Center for Therapeutic Applications of Technology, University of Buffalo, 515 Kimball Tower, 3435 Main Street, Buffalo, New York, 14214-3079, phone (716) 829-3141, fax (716) 829-3217. http://wings.buffalo.edu/academic/department/hrp/ot/cat/

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Last updated: 31 October, 2013

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